Prognosticators have suggested that print newspapers will vanish from the U.S. in 5–20 years.  The Mirror Model states that news should reflect reality. "Although the businessmen obtained information from newspapers and other public sources, for instance, from the consuls stationed in foreign towns, they placed special value on the letters received directly from their foreign partners. The genre of news as we know it today is closely associated with the newspaper.  Newspapers became significant aspects of national and literary culture—as exemplified by James Joyce's Ulysses, which derives from the newspapers of 16 June (and thereabouts), 1904, and represents the newspaper office itself as a vital part of life in Dublin. , The Soviet Union began a major international broadcasting operation in 1929, with stations in German, English and French. In West Africa, news can be spread by griots. Spain's Público has reshaped their social media strategy and grew their audience by 40 %. The new format, which mashed together numerous unrelated and perhaps dubious reports from far-flung locations, created a radically new and jarring experience for its readers. , Newspapers came to sub-Saharan Africa via colonization. The news about Tiananmen Square travelled over a fax machine, telephone, newspaper, radio, and television, and continued to travel even after the government imposed new restrictions on local telecommunications. In most cases, the official spreaders of news have been closely aligned with holders of political power.  Businesspeople also wanted to know about events related to shipping, the affairs of other businesses, and political developments. , News coverage can also shape collective memory in retrospect.  Niccolò Machiavelli was captured by the Medicis in 1513, following a bando calling for his immediate surrender. John Bartram Ewha, "News Agency Wars: the battle between Reuters and Bloomberg"; Barbie Zeiler, "Cannibalizing Memory in the Global Flow of News"; in. Protests turned to …  As a corollary, global media culture may erode the uniqueness and cohesion of national cultures.  It focuses on influencing various news organizations by applying pressures to governmental processes.  Each agency's area corresponded roughly to the colonial sphere of its mother country. In 1979, the capture of American hostages in Iran dominated months of news coverage in the western media, gained the status of a "crisis", and influenced a presidential election. Typically, N.E.Q.  In the U.S., television was run by the same networks which owned radio: CBS, NBC, and an NBC spin-off called ABC. With the value of international news at a premium, governments, businesses, and news agencies moved aggressively to reduce transmission times. Milner, Stephen J.  Television news has become still further embedded in everyday life, with specific programming anticipated at different times of day. The annals, whose compilation is attributed to Confucius, were available to a sizeable reading public and dealt with common news themes—though they straddle the line between news and history. Today, the term "breaking news" has become trite as commercial broadcasting United States cable news services that are available 24 hours a day use live communications satellite technology to bring current events into consumers' homes as the event occurs. , In Britain and the United States, television news watching rose dramatically in the 1950s and by the 1960s supplanted radio as the public's primary source of news. , Some newspapers published in the 1800s and after retained the commercial orientation characteristic of the private newsletters of the Renaissance. Founded as a newsweekly magazine in 1933, U.S. News transitioned to primarily web-based publishing in 2010. , As in previous eras, the news agencies provided special services to political and business clients, and these services constituted a significant portion of their operations and income. Milner, "Fanno bandire" (2013), pp. Find the latest breaking news and information on the top stories, weather, business, entertainment, politics, and more. , The critique of traditional norms of objectivity comes from within news organizations as well. , The global news system is dominated by agencies from Europe and the United States, and reflects their interests and priorities in its coverage. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'?  In the United States, the Associated Press wire service developed a "bilateral monopoly" with the Western Union telegraph company. , For various reasons, news media usually have a close relationship with the state, and often church as well, even when they cast themselves in critical roles. Chakravartty, Paula, and Katharine Sarikakis. Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge! Schools across the UK remain closed to most pupils, and are offering remote learning instead.  The British government used BBC radio as a diplomatic tool, setting up Arabic, Spanish and Portuguese services in 1937.  The agenda-setting model has been well-supported by research, which indicate that the public's self-reported concerns respond to changes in news coverage rather than changes in the underlying issue itself.
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